More on Orthopedic Surgery
A lot of things may make it necessary for an individual to go through orthopedic surgical treatment in an effort to provide relief from their ailment. A majority of these conditions are usually accompanied by pain and musculoskeletal deformities and all these lead to limitation in movement. It is essential to know that the procedures usually help with the correction of anatomical musculoskeletal abnormalities, control of musculoskeletal infections and also removal of malignant and benign growths.
Joint replacement is among the many procedures that are performed on a daily basis especially in the elderly population. A common cause of this is the presence of pathological fractures and also recurrent infection. Most commonly, patients who are in need of the joint replacement procedures are those with underlying medical issues such as prolonged joint infections and untreated injuries. The resulting changes usually make it difficult for the individual to manipulate their limbs due to the changes in musculoskeletal configuration. Other causes of the joint changes include degeneration and also an infection of the joint cavities and involved structures.
In case laboratory tests and also radiological tests do not help with the determination of the exact etiology, arthroscopy is usually indicated to aid with the determination of diagnosis. Commonly affected and explored joints are the hip, shoulder and knee. In the performance of the procedure, the joint has to be opened first so as to enable detailed assessment of the extent of damage, removal of the damaged tissue and also replacement of the damaged joint. To correct the joint deformity, a total or partial joint replacement can be done. When it comes to the replacement of a joint, there are different prosthetics materials that can be used.
Tear of muscles includes another category of orthopedic cases that call for surgical procedures to restore the normal function of the affected muscles. Rotator cuff muscles are prone to tear in individuals who are involved in high-risk sports. The most common presenting symptom is severe pain on the affected side with a decrease in active movement of the shoulder and upper limb on that particular side. Usually, an orthopedic surgeon is usually consulted so that he can determine the perfect approach to surgically correct the deformity.
Usually, the spine is affected by a number of issues which may necessitate surgical intervention. They range from the bony deformities which cause compression to the presence of tumours on the spine. As a result of the compression caused on the cord, the spinal can is reduced and hence the back pain and the bending forward in affected patients. Even though conservative intervention may be indicated, surgical intervention may be the only definitive cure. The aim of the procedures that are performed in such instances include decompression of the spine and also a fusion of the spine.